Function[ edit ] In most mammals, the philtrum is a narrow groove that may carry dissolved odorants from the rhinarium or nose pad to the vomeronasal organ via ducts inside the mouth. That may be because most higher primates rely more on vision than on smell. When these processes fail to fuse fully, a cleft lip may result. A flattened or smooth philtrum may be a symptom of fetal alcohol syndrome or Prader—Willi syndrome.
Treatment involves surgery to repair the defect and therapies to improve any related conditions. Following the initial cleft repair, your doctor may recommend follow-up surgeries to improve speech or improve the appearance of the lip and nose.
Surgeries typically are performed in this order: Cleft lip repair — within the first 3 to 6 months of age Cleft palate repair — by the age of 12 months, or earlier if possible Follow-up surgeries — between age 2 and late teen years Cleft lip and palate surgery takes place in a hospital.
Several different surgical techniques and procedures are used to repair cleft lip and palate, reconstruct the affected areas, and prevent or treat related complications. In general, procedures may include: To close the separation in the lip, the surgeon makes incisions on both sides of the cleft and creates flaps of tissue.
The flaps are then stitched together, including the lip muscles. The repair should create a more normal lip appearance, structure and function.
|Cleft lip and cleft palate - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic||What is Cleft Lip?|
|Facts about Cleft Lip and Cleft Palate | Birth Defects | NCBDDD | CDC||URL of this page: Causes There are many causes of cleft lip and palate.|
|Tutankhamun of the Mask||A cyst may develop from fluids that are drained by these sinuses. In some cases, the cyst or sinus may become infected.|
Initial nasal repair, if needed, is usually done at the same time. The surgeon makes A child with cleft lip on both sides of the cleft and repositions the tissue and muscles. The repair is then stitched closed.
For children with cleft palate, ear tubes may be placed to reduce the risk of chronic ear fluid, which can lead to hearing loss. Ear tube surgery involves placing tiny bobbin-shaped tubes in the eardrum to create an opening to prevent fluid buildup.
Surgery to reconstruct appearance. Additional surgeries may be needed to improve the appearance of the mouth, lip and nose. Possible risks of surgery include bleeding, infection, poor healing, widening or elevation of scars, and temporary or permanent damage to nerves, blood vessels or other structures.
Treatment for complications Your doctor may recommend additional treatment for complications caused by cleft lip and cleft palate. Feeding strategies, such as using a special bottle nipple or feeder Speech therapy to correct difficulty with speaking Orthodontic adjustments to the teeth and bite, such as having braces Monitoring by a pediatric dentist for tooth development and oral health from an early age Monitoring and treatment for ear infections, which may include ear tubes Hearing aids or other assistive devices for a child with hearing loss Therapy with a psychologist to help the child cope with the stress of repeated medical procedures or other concerns Request an Appointment at Mayo Clinic Coping and support No one expects to have a baby with a birth defect.
When the excitement of new life is met with the stress of discovering that your baby has a cleft lip or cleft palate, the experience can be emotionally demanding for the entire family.
For parents and family When welcoming a baby with cleft lip and cleft palate into your family, keep these coping tips in mind: Focus your energy on supporting and helping your child.
Your hospital social worker can help you find community and financial resources and education. For your child You can support your child in many ways: Focus on your child as a person, not on the cleft. Help your child gain confidence by allowing him or her to make decisions.
Encourage confident body language, such as smiling and holding the head up with shoulders back. Keep the lines of communication open. If teasing or self-esteem issues arise at school, this can help your child feel safe in talking with you about it, so you can help address these issues.
What you can do Before your appointment: Find out any pre-appointment restrictions.
Make a list of any signs or symptoms your baby is experiencing, including any that may seem unrelated to the reason for the appointment. Consider taking a family member or friend along.
Sometimes it can be difficult to remember all the information provided during an appointment. Someone who accompanies you may remember something that you missed or forgot.
Make a list of questions to ask your doctor.
List your questions from most important to least important in case time runs out.Sep 14, · B. Although all of the factors listed are important, sperm motility is the most significant criterion when assessing male rutadeltambor.com: THE NURSING CORNER.
Pediatric ENT of Oklahoma provides advanced level ENT care—focusing on airway obstruction disorders and cleft lip and palate repair. Look to us for care that’s as special as the patients we treat.
A child’s cleft lip or cleft palate can be repaired for as little as $ and in as few as 45 minutes, but your gift is more than a surgery. Cleft lip and palate repair is a surgical procedure that corrects a gap in the upper lip formed during fetal development by restoring both appearance and function.
LEARN MORE ›. Our center cares for children with cleft lip and palate from a nationally recognized team including experts from plastic surgery, oral and maxillofacial surgery, orthodontics, otolaryngology (ENT), speech-language pathology, nursing, dentistry, social work, audiology, genetics and psychology.
The treatment of a child born with cleft lip and.
During surgery, your child will be put under anesthesia and a surgeon will use tissue and skin from both sides of the cleft lip to make the lip wider and close the gap. Cleft Palate.