Appointed to the Chair of Mathematics at the University of Pisa when he was 25 his studies of motion there and later at Padua provided the foundation of the study of dynamics. His contributions to the the development of gravitational theory and motion were to terminally undermine the tenets of Aristotelian motion and physics.
What were Galileo's scientific and biblical conflicts with the Church? It was not a simple conflict between science and religion, as usually portrayed. Rather it was a conflict between Copernican science and Aristotelian science which had become Church tradition.
Galileo expressed his scientific views supporting Copernicus as well as his biblical views in a letter to the Grand Duchess of Tuscany which became the basis of his first Church trial and censure.
A major work published in resulted in Galileo's conviction on suspicion of heresy and a lifetime house arrest. The Galileo affair provides important lessons and applications to the Church and to science today. Inside that were transparent spheres containing fixed and unchanging stars, planets, moon and sun.
Clement and Origen A. Origen imagined separate literal, moral, and spiritual senses of Bible passages expanded to five senses in Concordism today. Through Augustine the mixing of philosophy, culture, and theology became inter-twined. And, since Catholic theology recognizes the traditions of the Church as equal in authority with written scripture, changing this trend became impossible.
Eventually, the roots planted in Augustine took full bloom in Thomas Aquinas" A. The most serious scientific error was acceptance of an Earth-centered cosmos.
But this error fit well in the man-centered theme of the Renaissance. Nicholas Copernicus A. Copernicus developed a cosmology with the sun at the center, the Earth rotating about a polar axis, and the Earth and planets circling the sun, essentially as we know it today.
Untilwhen Galileo built his first telescope at age 46, he focused mainly on physics, not astronomy. He soon made discoveries which shook the foundations of the Aristotelian cosmos. He saw mountains, valleys and other features indicating change on the moon. He observed the motion of four of Jupiter's moons, now referred to as the Galilean moons.
No longer could scientists say that heavenly bodies revolve exclusively around the Earth. He also observed the phases of Venus, the only explanation of which is that Venus moves around the sun and not the Earth.
Response to these discoveries ranged from enthusiastic to very hostile. Never fearing a fight, Galileo actively defended his evidence which supported the Copernican cosmos.
His talent and wit won a variety of illustrious friends in university, court and church circles, … At the same time his biting sarcasm against those whose arguments were vulnerable to his scientific discoveries made him some formidable enemies.
Galileo thrived on debate… His professional life was spent not only in observing and calculating but also in arguing and convincing.Sir Isaac Newton PRS FRS (25 December – 20 March /27) was an English mathematician, astronomer, theologian, author and physicist (described in his own day as a "natural philosopher") who is widely recognised as one of the most influential scientists of all time, and a Fields: Physics, Natural philosophy, Alchemy, Theology, Mathematics, Astronomy, Economics.
Isaac Newton was born in , the year of Galileo's death, and from a young age showed interest in formal education — not a given in that era — rather than farming. Aug 17, · Lisa's dance to Amy Grant's song, Galileo.
Look out for the shining light! Newton's religious views developed as a result of participation in an investigative discourse with Nature (the nature of the world), and developed from the apparent dichotomy between biblical reality and the increasing revelation of the structure of reality from investigation.
Newton saw these truths of . Chapter 4-Renaissance Science and Philosophy. - Most people refused to look through Galileo's telescope because they believed that to do so was an act of heresy Galileo, and Newton with empirical observation and mathematical deduction stimulated scholars in all fields and launched a spirit of curiosity and experimentation that has.
Newton's towering accomplishment was a single explanatory system that could integrate the astronomy of Copernicus, as corrected by Kepler's laws, with the physics of Galileo and his predecessors. "Principia Mathematica" laid down Newton's three laws of motion, using a set of mathematical laws that explain motion and mechanics.