Alcohol is a major factor in traffic crashes, and crashes involving alcohol are more likely to result in injuries and deaths than crashes where alcohol is not a factor. Increasing blood alcohol concentrations BACs have been linked to increased crash risk. Male drivers, particularly those ages 22 to 45; people with drinking problems and prior drinking and driving convictions; and drivers who do not wear safety belts are disproportionately likely to be involved in alcohol—related fatal crashes.
Discussing the Facts… In the early s, why was the drinking age raised to 21 nationwide? This commission established 39 recommendations to curb what was perceived to be a drunken driving epidemic.
Recommendation number eight concerned the Minimum Legal Purchasing Age, and said that all states should raise their drinking age to 21, lest they lose a certain percentage of federal highway dollars. Exclusive interest in raising the drinking age marginalized the effect of the remaining 38 recommendations, among them suggestions to implement youth education programs, establish a massive public information campaign, and to increase penalties for convicted drunken drivers.
Currently, the Federal Law provides for the following exceptions under the original legislation: In effect, this provision means that states that legislate one or more exceptions to the 21 year-old drinking age are not at risk of losing federal highway funding.
This results in a lack of nationwide consistency in the laws governing alcohol use for people under age 21; for example, in many states, consumption of alcohol is not prohibited outright.
As of21 states have exceptions to the law for the consumption of alcohol by those under 21 and 28 states have exceptions that pertain to the furnishing of alcohol to those under To view the laws in your state, consult the Alcohol Policy Information System website: Because laws governing alcohol use are usually culturally derived, there is substantial international variation in minimum legal drinking and purchase ages.
Among those countries that set a legal age, 18 is the most common, although in many cases the legal drinking age is ignored or unenforced. Along with Mongolia, Indonesia, Palau and several states in India and Egypt, the United States is an outlier with a minimum purchase age of Back to top How do other countries compare to the United States in incidence of alcohol-related problems?
In terms of alcohol-impaired driving and related fatalities, a recent NHTSA study that compared DUI laws in the United States to those in comparable nations, such as the European Union States, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Japan, and Brazil, found that the United States had the highest proportion of traffic fatalities that were alcohol-related among the 12 countries reporting data.
The legal drinking age of all countries in the report was 18, with Japan and Canada being the only exceptions. Japan sets 20 as its legal limit, while the legal drinking age in Canada is 19 in all provinces except for Alberta, Quebec, and Manitoba, where people can drink legally at age Because the United States is among an extremely small minority with a drinking age of 21, drinking by year-old adults does not fall under as intense scrutiny in other parts of the world as it does in America.
Drinking, especially that which is excessive or risky in nature, among younger adolescents is, however, a concern shared by parents, public health officials, and governments in many foreign countries.
Recent research published by the World Health Organization found that while 15 and 16 year-old teens in many European states, where the drinking age is 18 or younger and often unenforcedhave more drinking occasions per month, they have fewer dangerous, intoxication occasions than their American counterparts.
For example, in southern European nations ratios of all drinking occasions to intoxication occasions were quite low—roughly one in ten—while in the United States, almost half of all drinking occasions resulted in intoxication.
Outlining the arguments… What are the arguments for the 21 year-old drinking age? It saves lives by preventing alcohol-related traffic fatalities for year olds and the rest of the population Since the developing adolescent brain is affected differently by alcohol than the adult brain, the 21 year-old drinking age protects adolescents and young adults from the its potentially negative consequences The earlier one starts to drink, the more likely he or she will experience alcohol dependence and related problems later in life.
Back to top What are the arguments against the 21 year-old drinking age? Any benefits of the 21 year-old drinking age have come to be more than offset by unintended and largely negative consequences. The 21 year-old drinking age is an abridgement of the age of majority.
The 21 year-old drinking age marginalizes the role of parents in the process of teaching and encouraging responsible decisions about alcohol use. Under the 21 year-old drinking age, fewer young people are drinking, but those who do choose to are drinking more.
This alarming rise in the rates of binge drinking on campuses and in communities around the nation has caused a major, national public health problem. The 21 year-old drinking age breeds disrespect for law and ethical compromises.
Back to top What are the short- and long-term term effects of alcohol consumption? The immediate effects of alcohol include: In large quantities, alcohol can depress the central nervous system to the point where vital systems shut down, leading to a loss of consciousness, or, more seriously, death.Lowering the Legal Drinking Age: An Analysis of the Pros and Cons Lowering the Legal Drinking Age: An Analysis of the Pros and Cons Background.
Since the mid ’s, the legal drinking age in the United States has been set at The Real Consequences of Drunk Driving The Real Consequences of Drunk Driving.
Tweet. Plenty of people know that drinking and driving don't mix—but many still . Many of us have been in the situation where we have ended up at a get-together with friends, loved ones or work colleagues and have recklessly partaken in impulsive merriment that has ended up in us getting behind the wheel after one too many drinks – the old saying, “One for the road” comes to mind.
How much is “one too many”? According to News24 in an article entitled “SA. Preventing Drunk Driving - Approximately one million people are injured in alcohol-related traffic crashes every year and young people, ages 16 to 24 are involved in 28% of those alcohol-related driving accidents, although they make up only 14% of the U.S.
population. - Illinois DUI Criminal Defense Law Firm Ramsell & Associates, L.L.C. Wheaton, Illinois focuses on DUI defense and criminal defense law including field sobriety testing, dui summary suspension, breath alcohol testing, drunk driving defense, dui laws, criminal laws covering the cities and counties of Chicago, Kane, Cook Counties, Wheaton, Illinois Dupage County.
Drinking and driving is referred to as driving under the influence or driving while intoxicated, and involves operating a vehicle with a blood alcohol content level of at least percent.
Find out how alcohol can impair a person’s ability to drive and what the statistics are among drunk drivers in the U.S. today.