Science Highlights from TIMSS A typical classroom in a Japanese junior high school Lower secondary school covers grades seven through nine, with children typically aged twelve through fifteen.
Cause and effect are mixed up, and naturally there are strawmen arguments to unnecessarily destroy for the spectacle of being seen to do something. To top it off, Cook still thinks a measurement is a force of nature that could affect the climate. Evidence for the direct effect of carbon is not evidence that positive feedback will amplify the results Most of all, the deceptive shell game continues.
The Guide offers evidence that supports a direct effect of carbon which amounts to one measly degree if carbon levels double. It offers no evidence that positive feedback will amplify the results up to a wildly high 3 or 4 degrees, and it does not inform readers that there is empirical evidence that the feedback is negative and will thus attenuate that one minor degree.
Thus the half-truths are broadcast, but the lies by omission border on deception. On the plus side, Cook has risen above ad homs and argument from authority. Yet Cook links to it, apparently endorsing their ad hominem approach. We-the-people are not fooled or intimidated by kindergarten namecalling.
If he had any standards of reasoning, he would not promote the attack dogs. If he was a man of principle he would condemn DeSmog for their unscientific behaviour.
Aside from the name-calling, Desmog are scientifically embarrassing. I debunked their first effort: Deltoid had no reply.
Cook might be surprised if he read my responses to those pages he linked too. I quote who-ever-they-are directly, I use their words, their references, and their graphs.
When I paraphrase, I make it clear. One of us is talking directly to each point, and the other is engaged in misdirection — shifting the goalposts — to attack something that is not quite what the first said.
One of us makes baseless assertions, and the other links to documents from experts on both sides of the fence. The Shell Game — pretend evidence for 1 degree is really evidence for 3 degrees The unskeptical Guide claims there are multiple lines of evidence that show humans cause global warming.
But they hide the minor amount of warming this evidence relates to. Sure there is evidence that man-made emissions might contribute by the time CO2 doubles, and if you assume all the extra CO2 is due to man-made emissions to as much as 1.
Summarizing their Four Points: The fingerprint that matters includes a hot spot as well. After 10 years of data adjustments by many teams, no one has found the hot spot with weather-balloon data.
Both radiosondes and one satellite set are in agreement. The hot spot is the fingerprint of positive feedback, which causes the vast bulk of the warming in the climate models.
Satellites measure more heat being trapped by CO2. On top of this, ice cores find temperature affects the amount of CO2 in the air.
So warming causes more CO2 and more CO2 causes warming. Put these two together and you get positive feedback. Amplification is only a major force if the feedbacks are positive.
The surface temperature record shows that the number of warm nights are increasing faster than warm days. This is another effect of greenhouse warming.
Warm nights are more likely due to the urban heat island effect, which is compounded by putting thermometers next to exhaust vents — that was my point. To find out whether the CO2 effect is saturated, we just have to look at direct measurements — satellites find CO2 is trapping more heat and surface measurements find more heat returning back to Earth.
Methinks they try too hard. The pure effect of CO2 is to warm the bottom half the troposphere and cool the top layer the stratosphere.
This pattern is not a unique signature of CO2.Reach the right respondents. Need more data? SurveyMonkey Audience offers DIY and aided approaches to help you reach the right audience and a statistically valid sample size for your research.
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