Introduction The main topic of the article is the Western metaphilosophy of the last hundred years or so. But that topic is broached via a sketch of some earlier Western metaphilosophies.
Notes and Fragments 1. His father worked as sexton in the local church. In his early youth, Heidegger was being prepared for the priesthood. In he went to the high school in Konstanz, where the church supported him with a scholarship, and then, inhe moved to Freiburg. By his own account, it was this work that inspired his life-long quest for the meaning of being.
Inafter completing the high school, he became a Jesuit novice, but was discharged within a month for reasons of health. He then entered Freiburg University, where he studied theology.
However, because of health problems and perhaps because of a lack of a strong spiritual vocation, Heidegger left the seminary in and broke off his training for the priesthood.
He took up studies in philosophy, mathematics, and natural sciences. It was also at that time that he first became influenced by Edmund Husserl.
In he completed a doctorate in philosophy with a dissertation on The Doctrine of Judgement in Psychologism under the direction of the neo-Kantian philosopher Heinrich Rickert.
He was conscripted into the army, but was discharged after two months because of health reasons. Hoping to take over the chair of Catholic philosophy at Freiburg, Heidegger now began to work on a habilitation thesis, the required qualification for Heidegger the question concerning technology and other essays at the university.
He taught mostly courses in Aristotelian and scholastic philosophy, and regarded himself as standing in the service of the Catholic world-view. Nevertheless, his turn from theology to philosophy was soon to be followed by another turn.
InHeidegger became a junior colleague of Edmund Husserl when the latter joined the Freiburg faculty. The following year, he married Thea Elfride Petri, a Protestant student who had attended his courses since the fall of His career was again interrupted by military service in He served for the last ten months of the war, the last three of those in a meteorological unit on the western front.
His lectures on phenomenology and his creative interpretations of Aristotle would now earn him a wide acclaim. Inwith the support of Paul Natorp, Heidegger was appointed associate professor at Marburg University. Between andhe enjoyed there the most fruitful years of his entire teaching career.
His students testified to the originality of his insight and the intensity of his philosophical questioning. Heidegger extended the scope of his lectures, and taught courses on the history of philosophy, time, logic, phenomenology, Plato, Aristotle, Aquinas, Kant, and Leibniz.
However, he had published nothing sincea factor that threatened his future academic career. Finally, in Februarypartly because of administrative pressure, his fundamental but also unfinished treatise, Being and Time, appeared.
Within a few years, this book was recognized as a truly epoch-making work of 20th century philosophy. Up to then virtually apolitical, Heidegger now became politically involved. On April 21,he was elected rector of the University of Freiburg by the faculty. He was apparently urged by his colleagues to become a candidate for this politically sensitive post, as he later claimed in an interview with Der Spiegel, to avoid the danger of a party functionary being appointed.
But he also seemed to believe that he could steer the Nazi movement in the right direction. There is little doubt that during that time, Heidegger placed the great prestige of his scholarly reputation at the service of National Socialism, and thus, willingly or not, contributed to its legitimization among his fellow Germans.
And yet, just one year later, on April 23,Heidegger resigned from his office and took no further part in politics. His rectoral address was found incompatible with the party line, and its text was eventually banned by the Nazis.
Certain restrictions were put on his freedom to publish and attend conferences. He came under attack of Ernst Krieck, semi-official Nazi philosopher. For some time he was under the surveillance of the Gestapo.
He was forbidden to teach and in was dismissed from his chair of philosophy. The ban was lifted in Towards the end of s and the beginning of s, he taught five courses on Nietzsche, in which he submitted to criticism the tradition of western metaphysics, described by him as nihilistic, and made allusions to the absurdity of war and the bestiality of his contemporaries.
Finally, his reflection upon the western philosophical tradition and an endeavor to open a space for philosophizing outside it, brought him to an examination of Presocratic thought. The course was not about early Greek thought, yet the Presocratics became there the pivotal center of discussion.
During the s, in addition to giving courses on Aristotle, Kant and Hegel, Heidegger lectured extensively on Anaximander, Parmenides, and Heraclitus.
During the last three decades of his life, from the mid s to the mid s, Heidegger wrote and published much, but in comparison to earlier decades, there was no significant change in his philosophy.
Martin Heidegger (/ ˈ h aɪ d ɛ ɡ ər, -d ɪ ɡ ər /; German: [ˈmaɐ̯tiːn ˈhaɪdɛɡɐ]; 26 September – 26 May ) was a German philosopher and a seminal thinker in the Continental tradition and philosophical hermeneutics, and is "widely acknowledged to be one of the most original and important philosophers of the 20th century." Heidegger is best . Contemporary Metaphilosophy. What is philosophy? What is philosophy for? How should philosophy be done? These are metaphilosophical questions, metaphilosophy being the study of the nature of philosophy. Review: The Question Concerning Technology and Other Essays User Review - David Laurin - Goodreads. The title essay is great but as is with Heidegger, it can get confusing.4/5(3).
Most of his time was divided between his home in Freiburg, his second study in Messkirch, and his mountain hut in the Black Forest.Martin Heidegger's Question Concerning Technology and Other Essays is a relatively short book (a couple hundred pages).
It contains five essays, (1) the title essay, plus (2) "The Turning," (3) "The World of Nietzsche," (4) "The Age of the World Picture," and (5) "Science and Reflection."/5. The Question Concerning Technology, and Other Essays (Harper Perennial Modern Thought) [Martin Heidegger] on rutadeltambor.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
The advent of machine technology has given rise to some of the deepest problems of modern thought. This newly packaged collection featuring Martin Heidegger's celebrated essay The Question Concerning Technology4/4(15).
Contemporary Metaphilosophy. What is philosophy? What is philosophy for? How should philosophy be done? These are metaphilosophical questions, metaphilosophy being the study of the nature of philosophy.
Delegation strategies for the NCLEX, Prioritization for the NCLEX, Infection Control for the NCLEX, FREE resources for the NCLEX, FREE NCLEX Quizzes for the NCLEX, FREE NCLEX exams for the NCLEX, Failed the NCLEX - Help is here. Martin Heidegger (–) was a German philosopher whose work is perhaps most readily associated with phenomenology and existentialism, although his thinking should be identified as part of such philosophical movements only .
The Question Concerning Technology MARTIN HEIDEGGER Source: The Question Concerning Technology(), pp 3–35 Technology is a means to an end.
The other says: Technology is a human activity. The two definitions of technology belong together. For to posit ends HEIDEGGER.
The Question Concerning Technology 3 in this instance, the.