While Gorbachev presided over the decline of the Communist party and the end of the Soviet empire in eastern Europeit was Yeltsin, Russia's first elected president, who buried the Soviet Union itself.
Growing up in rural Sverdlovsk, he studied at the Ural State Technical University now Urals Polytechnic Instituteand began his career in the construction industry. His mother, Klavdiya Vasilyevna Yeltsina, worked as a seamstress.
Boris studied at Pushkin High School in Berezniki. The subject of his degree paper was "Construction of a Mine Shaft". Fromhe worked in Sverdlovsk, and was promoted from construction site superintendent to chief of the Construction Directorate with the Yuzhgorstroy Trust.
Inhe became chief engineer, and inhead of the Sverdlovsk House-Building Combine, responsible for sewerage and technical plumbing. Inas a party official in SverdlovskYeltsin was ordered by Moscow to destroy the Ipatiev House where the last Russian tsar and his family had been killed by Bolshevik troops.
The Ipatiev House was demolished in one night on 27 July As a politburo member, Yeltsin was also given a country house dacha which was previously occupied by Gorbachev, who now moved to a much bigger and more luxurious purpose-built dacha nearby. During this period, Yeltsin portrayed himself as a reformer and a populist for example, he took a trolleybus to workfiring and reshuffling his staff several times.
He became popular among Moscow residents for firing corrupt Moscow party officials. Resignation[ edit ] On 10 Septemberafter a lecture from hard-liner Yegor Ligachev at the Politburo for allowing two small unsanctioned demonstrations on Moscow streets, Yeltsin wrote a letter of resignation to Gorbachev who was holidaying on the Black Sea.
Gorbachev phoned Yeltsin and asked him to reconsider. On 27 October at the plenary meeting of the Central Committee of the CPSUYeltsin, frustrated that Gorbachev had not addressed any of the issues outlined in his resignation letter asked to speak.
He expressed his discontent with both the slow pace of reform in society, the servility shown to the general secretary, and opposition to him from Ligachev making his position untenable, before requesting to resign from the Politburo, adding that the City Committee would decide whether he should resign from the post of First Secretary of the Moscow Communist Party.
Nobody in the Central Committee backed Yeltsin. On 9 NovemberYeltsin apparently tried to kill himself and was rushed to hospital bleeding profusely from self-inflicted cuts to his chest. Gorbachev ordered the injured Yeltsin from his hospital bed to the Moscow party plenum two days later where he was ritually denounced by the party faithful in what was reminiscent of a Stalinist show trial before he was fired from the post of First Secretary of the Moscow Communist Party.
Yeltsin said he would never forgive Gorbachev for this "immoral and inhuman" treatment.
At the next meeting of the Central Committee on 24 FebruaryYeltsin was removed from his position as a Candidate member of the Politburo. He was perturbed and humiliated but began plotting his revenge. An article in Pravda described Yeltsin as drunk at a lecture during his September  visit to the United States, an allegation which appeared to be confirmed by a TV account of his speech.
However, popular dissatisfaction with the regime was very strong, and these attempts to smear Yeltsin only added to his popularity. In another incident, Yeltsin fell from a bridge.
|Most Popular||On the first day of events Yeltsin, speaking from a tank outside the White House, called the actions of the State Emergency Committee a coup, then issued a number of decrees on non-recognition of the State Emergency Committee action. After the failure of the Emergency Committee, and Gorbachev has returned to Moscow to negotiate a new Union Treaty are deadlocked, and Gorbachev finally began to lose control levers, which are gradually retreating to Yeltsin and heads of other union republics.|
|For more information, please see the full notice. Bill Clinton, Boris Yeltsin, and U.|
|For that he earned euphoric admiration from some of his fellow-citizens and raging hatred from others.|
Commenting on this event, Yeltsin hinted that he was helped to fall from the bridge by the enemies of perestroikabut his opponents suggested that he was simply drunk. An Autobiography written and published inhowever, Yeltsin hinted in a small passage that after his tour, he made plans on opening his own line of grocery stores and planned to fill it with government subsidized goods in order to alleviate the countries problems.
Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. In his election campaign, Yeltsin criticized the "dictatorship of the center", but did not suggest the introduction of a market economy. Instead, he said that he would put his head on the railtrack in the event of increased prices.
On 18 Augusta coup against Gorbachev was launched by the government members opposed to perestroika. The White House was surrounded by the military but the troops defected in the face of mass popular demonstrations. By 21 August most of the coup leaders had fled Moscow and Gorbachev was "rescued" from Crimea and then returned to Moscow.
Yeltsin was subsequently hailed by his supporters around the world for rallying mass opposition to the coup. Yeltsin on 22 August Although restored to his position, Gorbachev had been destroyed politically.
Neither union nor Russian power structures heeded his commands as support had swung over to Yeltsin. Taking advantage of the situation, Yeltsin began taking what remained of the Soviet government, ministry by ministry—including the Kremlin.
In early DecemberUkraine voted for independence from the Soviet Union.Bill Clinton, Boris Yeltsin, and U.S.-Russian Relations. Upon his inauguration in January , President Bill Clinton became the first president since Franklin Roosevelt who did not need a strategy for the Cold War—and the first since William Howard Taft who did not need a policy for the Soviet Union.
The Russian Presidency of Boris Yeltsin, was the executive branch of the federal government of the Russian Federation from June 12, to December 31, Yeltsin was the first Russian president, and during his presidency, the country suffered from widespread corruption.
Together with Boris Yeltsin was elected a vice-president, Alexander Rutskoi. After the elections, Boris Yeltsin began the struggle with the privileges of the range and the maintenance of Russia's sovereignty within the USSR. These were the first in the history of Russian national presidential elections.
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Former Russian president Boris Yeltsin makes a toast at an awards ceremony in Moscow in Photograph: Sergey Chirikov/EPA Boris Yeltsin, who has .