All their customers should be able to claim refunds. Hilary May 12, at 8: Jeffrey Lam May 12, at
When the lie is of sufficient magnitude it may succeed, due to the victim's reluctance to believe that an untruth on such a grand scale would indeed be concocted.
For instance, a gambler who deceives other players into thinking they have different cards to those they really hold, or an athlete who hints they will move left and then dodges right is not considered to be lying also known as a feint or juke. In these situations, deception is acceptable and is commonly expected as a tactic.
Bullshit does not necessarily have to be a complete fabrication. While a lie is related by a speaker who believes what is said is false, bullshit is offered by a speaker who does not care whether what is said is true because the speaker is more concerned with giving the hearer some impression.
Thus bullshit may be either true or false, but demonstrates a lack of concern for the truth which is likely to lead to falsehoods. For example, to claim that a premeditated lie was really "only" an emergency lie, or to claim that a self-serving lie was really "only" a white lie or noble lie.
Not to be confused with confirmation bias in which the deceiver is deceiving themselves. Defamation is the communication of a false statement that harms the reputation of an individual person, business, product, group, government, religion, or nation.
When attention is given to the subject the lie is based around, deflectors ignore or refuse to respond. Skillful deflectors are passive-aggressive, who when confronted with the subject choose to ignore and not respond. It is also seen as "stretching the truth" or making something appear more powerful, meaningful, or real than it actually is.
Saying that someone devoured most of something when they only ate half would be considered an exaggeration. An exaggeration might be easily found to be a hyperbole where a person's statement i. Depending on the context, fraud may subject the liar to civil or criminal penalties.
The statement might be partly true, the statement may be totally true but only part of the whole truth, or it may employ some deceptive element, such as improper punctuationor double meaning, especially if the intent is to deceive, evadeblame or misrepresent the truth.
There is generally no intent to misinform and the individual is unaware that their information is false.
Because of this, it is not technically a lie at all since by definition, there must be an intent to deceive for the statement to be considered a lie. Teasing and irony are examples. A more elaborate instance is seen in some storytelling traditions, where the storyteller's insistence that the story is the absolute truth, despite all evidence to the contrary i.
There is debate about whether these are "real" lies, and different philosophers hold different views.
The winner in was Hugh Lupton. The phrase has been incorporated by academics within the fields of biologyevolutionbioinformatics and the social sciences. Media use has extended to publications including The Conversation and Forbes. Lying by omission, also known as a continuing misrepresentation or quote miningoccurs when an important fact is left out in order to foster a misconception.
Lying by omission includes the failure to correct pre-existing misconceptions. For example, when the seller of a car declares it has been serviced regularly but does not tell that a fault was reported at the last service, the seller lies by omission.
It can be compared to dissimulation. An omission is when a person tells most of the truth, but leaves out a few key facts that therefore completely change the story. Many countries and states have enacted consumer protection laws intended to combat such fraud. A memory hole is a mechanism for the alteration or disappearance of inconvenient or embarrassing documents, photographs, transcripts, or other records, such as from a website or other archive, particularly as part of an attempt to give the impression that something never happened.
It is a type of deception  involving denial coupled with rationalization in situations where complete denial is implausible.
Socrates depicted in this bust justified the use of noble lies in Plato 's Republic.
It is often told to maintain law, order and safety. In psychiatrypathological lying also called compulsive lying, pseudologia fantastica and mythomania is a behavior of habitual or compulsive lying. Perjury is the act of lying or making verifiably false statements on a material matter under oath or affirmation in a court of lawor in any of various sworn statements in writing.
Perjury is a crimebecause the witness has sworn to tell the truth and, for the credibility of the court to remain intact, witness testimony must be relied on as truthful. Whether such lies are acceptable is heavily dependent on culture.
A common polite lie in international etiquette is to decline invitations because of "scheduling difficulties". Similarly, the butler lie is a small lie which is usually sent electronically, and is used to terminate conversations or to save face.
In the tradition of many Native American tribes, "speaking with a forked tongue" has meant lying, and a person was no longer considered worthy of trust, once he had been shown to "speak with a forked tongue.
A more formal term is equivocation. A white lie is a minor lie which could be considered harmless, or even beneficial, in the long term. It is often used to shield someone from a hurtful or emotionally damaging truth, especially when not knowing the truth is completely harmless.Jul 18, · Faked documentaries?
Shady publicity stunts? Discovery Channel's Shark Week might be entertaining, but it's all showmanship, little substance. AIDS & HIV: Lies, Cover-up, Deception, Profits and Genocide.
Since , the mainstream media have been giving us only one side of the AIDS story-the officially approved side. L etters From Those Impacted by WCG, HWA & Offshoots. Best of the Letters from Wonderful and Very Needed Website: January 6, First, let me thank you for your wonderful and very needed website!
Lies, Deceit, and Trickery - a Bible story about Jacob as told by Linda Sue Pochodzay Edwards on award-winning children\'s Chapel site, featuring Bible stories from a variety of authors, excellent Christian resources for children, and over links to other Christian and family-friendly sites for kids.
Nancy Drew®: Labyrinth of Lies. Thread Your Way Through a Maze of Deceit in this Epic Greek Drama! A museum curator hires you to assist with the most anticipated event of the year, but artifacts from the exhibit are mysteriously disappearing.
Monumental deceit: How our politicians have lied and lied about the true purpose of the European behemoth.