Military history of the philippines

Philippine Revolution The Philippine Revolution, the first against western colonial rule in Asia, was directed against Spain which had colonized the Philippines since The Revolution against Spain had two phases: After over three centuries of Spanish colonial rule characterized by unenlightened government, outright exploitation of the Indios the term used to apply to the indigenous population of Filipinossuppression of the mestizos and the insulares Spaniards born in the Philippinesbelated and half-hearted attempts at reform, and on the part of the governed, countless sporadic and isolated revolts and other forms of resistance, the Philippine Revolution exploded on August 23,in the event that is commemorated as the "Cry of Pugadlawin. The seeds of revolution were, in fact, sown earlier in the nineteenth century when Spain's enforced isolation of the Philippines was shattered with the opening of the country to foreign commerce and the resulting development of an export economy by non-Spanish foreign enterprises British, American, Chinese.

Military history of the philippines

The Philippines has also battled a communist insurgency and a secessionist movement by Muslims in the southern portion of the country. Prehistoric tribal warfares Archaeological findings dating from prehistoric eras have discovered a variety of stone and metal weaponry, such as axes, arrows and spearheads.

Usually used for hunting, they also allowed tribes to battle with each other. Some more elaborate bronze pieces, such as axes, Swords were also part of the native weaponry.

Making of swords involved elaborate rituals that were based mainly on the auspicious conjunctions of planets. The passage of the sword from the maker entailed a mystical ceremony that was coupled with superstitious beliefs.

For example, of tribal wars are can be found at the Igorot Societyit was unified after the long clan wars between the Clans and tribes of Ifugao and Kalinga Headhunting warlords because of land resources. This unification established the culturally homogeneous society which led to the building of the Banaue Rice Terraces.

Harmonious commerce between Sulu and the Orang Dampuan was later restored. He is wielding a golden sword. Antecedent to this raids, sometime between A.

Military history of the Philippines

However, the author observed that these raiders spoke a different language and had an entirely different appearance presumably when compared to the inhabitants of Formosa.

Some scholars have put forth the theory that the Pi-sho-ye were actually people from the Visayas islands.

Its founding datu, Puti, had purchased land for his new realms from the aboriginal Ati hero, Marikudo. The people of Madja-as conducted resistance movements Military history of the philippines the Hindu and Islamic invaders that arrived from the west. Even though the exact dates and details of this battle remain in dispute, there are claims of the conquest of the area around Saludong Majapahit term for Luzon and Manila according to the text Nagarakretagama [12] Nevertheless, there may have been a battle for Manila that occurred during that time but it was likely a victory for Luzon's kingdoms considering that the Kingdom of Tondo had maintained its independence and was not enslaved under another ruler.

Alternatively, Luzon may have been successfully invaded but was able to regain its independence later. A fleet from the Majapahit capital succeeded in driving away the Sulus, but Po-ni was left weaker after the attack. War between Maguindanao and Cebu lasted until the Spanish era.

The Chinese attacked Manila but they were repulsed there by the local kingdoms. They were forced to settle in Pangasinan were they made the local kingdom of Caboloan a vassal-state, and a colony of the Ming dynasty.

The biggest settlement of Chinese was in Lingayen in Pangasinan. Lingayen also became the seat of the Chinese colonial government in Luzon. The Chinese fleet made three attempts to subjugate Luzon prior to the arrival of the first Europeans on the scene about a century later.

The aftermath of the battle was the formation of an alliance between the newly established Kingdom of Maynila Selurong and the Sultanate of Bruneito crush the power of the Kingdom of Tondo and the subsequent installation of the Pro-Islamic Rajah Sulaiman into power.

At the time, Rajah Matanda's mother whose name was not mentioned in the accounts served as the paramount ruler of the Maynila polity, taking over from Rajah Matanda's father also unnamed in the accountswho had died when Rajah Matanda was still very young.

Rajah Matanda, then simply known as the "Young Prince" Ache, was raised alongside his cousin, who was ruler of Tondo - presumed by some to be a young Bunao Lakandula, although not specifically named in the accounts. During this time, Ache realized that his cousin, who was ruler of the Tondo polity, was "slyly" taking advantage of Ache's mother by taking over territory belonging to Maynila.

When Ache asked his mother for permission to address the matter, his mother refused, encouraging the young prince to keep his peace instead. Prince Ache could not accept this and thus left Maynila with some of his father's trusted men, to go to his "grandfather", the Sultan of Brunei, to ask for assistance.

Military history of the philippines

The Sultan responded by giving Ache a position as commander of his naval force. InPrince Ache was coming fresh from a military victory at the helm of the Bruneian navy and was supposedly on his way back to Maynila with the intent of confronting his cousin when he came upon and attacked the remnants of the Magellan expedition, then under the command of Sebastian Elcano.

Some historians[21] suggest that Ache's decision to attack must have been influenced by a desire to expand his fleet even further as he made his way back to Lusong and Maynila, where he could use the size of his fleet as leverage against his cousin, the ruler of Tondo.

Battle of Mactan The Battle of Mactan on April 27,is celebrated as the earliest reported resistance of the natives in the Philippines against western invaders.

The following morning, March 17, Magellan landed on the island of Homonhon. With the aid of Magellan's Malay interpreter, Enrique, Rajah Humabon of Cebu and his subjects converted to Christianity and became allies.

Suitably impressed by Spanish firearms and artillery, Rajah Humabon suggested that Magellan project power to cow Lapu-Lapu, who was being belligerent against his authority.

Magellan deployed 49 armored men, less than half his crew, with crossbows and guns, but could not anchor near land because the island is surrounded by shallow coral bottoms and thus unsuitable for the Spanish galleons to get close to shore. His crew had to wade through the surf to make a landing and the ship was too far to support them with artillery.

Antonio Pigafettaa supernumerary on the voyage who later returned to Seville, Spain, records that Lapu-Lapu had at least warriors in the battle. During the battle, Magellan was wounded in the leg, while still in the surf.The Commonwealth of the Philippines was attacked by the Japanese Imperial Army on December 7, nine hours after the attack on Pearl Harbor (the Philippines is on the Asian side of the international date line).

The United States of America controlled the Philippines at the time and possessed important military bases there. The 1st Filipino military was indirectly established during the Philippine Revolution against Spain in its first Commander in Chief is one other than the 1st Filipino President Emilio Aguinaldo.

World War I ()--Techically, the Philippines were involved in World War I on the Allied side as a possession of the United States, but no Filipino military units saw combat.

Individual Filipino soldiers did serve in combat as members of the U.S. armed forces. The Commonwealth of the Philippines was invaded by the Empire of Japan in December shortly after Japan's declaration of war upon the United States of America, which controlled the Philippines at the time and possessed important military bases there.

The military history of the Philippines is characterized by a period of struggle against colonial powers such as Spain and the United States, occupation by the Empire of Japan during World War II and participation in Asian conflicts post-World War II such as the Korean War and the Vietnam War.

The Philippines has also battled a communist insurgency and a secessionist movement by Muslims in the . The military history of the United States spans a period of over two centuries. During those years, the United States evolved from a new nation fighting Great Britain for independence (–), through the monumental American Civil War (–) and, after collaborating in triumph during World War II (–), to the world's sole .

Military history of the Philippines during World War II | Military Wiki | FANDOM powered by Wikia