This Polish astronomer revolutionized beliefs involving the universe, making his thoughts controversial in his time, but common knowledge in our own Westman. Before the time of Copernicus, people had extremely different views of the universe.
A Greek astronomer named Ptolemy had his own theory of the earth and its relationship with the sun and other planets. Around AD, he came up with a system that showed the earth at the center of the universe with the sun and planets revolving around it in a spherical shape Reichenbach Ptolemy also believed that the earth remained still and that the outermost sphere contained the stars, which were fixed in space Westman.
Copernicus's theory showed the earth and other planets revolving around the sun in a circular motion. At the same time, the moon is rotating around the earth as well. Like Ptolemy, Copernicus believed that the stars occupied the region farthest from the sun. Copernicus, however, never stated whether or not these stars were in a fixed sphere around the universe or if they were scattered throughout space.
Unlike Ptolemy's motionless earth, Copernicus said the earth rotates around itself daily, causing night and day Armitage, He also realized that the greater the distance from the sun a planet was, the more time it takes for that planet to completely revolve around the sun Westman.
At first, Copernicus only planned to use his new system as an easier way to chart the planets' positions. But, he explained everything with such high detail and mathematics that astronomers around the time of his death began to wonder if his theory might actually be the truth.
He was cautious to publish his ideas because he saw potential for trouble and possibly even a heresy charge from the Catholic Church, who strongly believed in Ptolemy's earth-centered system. Finally he was persuaded to publish it by some of his early supporters.
Protestant leaders, not Catholics, were the first to reject Copernicus's theory. They said it went against the teachings of the Bible that supposedly supported the contrasting system of Ptolemy. Despite this, Protestants were also some of the first supporters of this sun-centered plan Armitage, About seventy years later, inthe Catholic Church began to question the Copernican system.
Galileo, one of Copernicus's greatest supporters, used his newly invented telescope to observe the planets and was strongly convinced that Copernicus was absolutely correct. The Church now saw these ideas as a threat to their beliefs concerning the uniqueness of earth as God's special creation, and soon warned Galileo not to support it.
An Inquisition committee reviewed Copernicus's work and declared it, and the support of it, a heresy. Galileo was brought to trial by the Church inand was forced to take back all support of the Copernican plan.
Due to his old age and sickliness, Galileo did as they pleased and was set under "house arrest" for the remainder of his life, where he was able to continue with substantial scientific.- Nicolaus Copernicus Nicolaus Copernicus, who lived from until , is known for his idea that the sun is motionless at the center of the universe and that the .
A SHORT BIOGRAPHY OF NICOLAUS COPERNICUS. By Tim Lambert. His Early Life. Nicolaus Copernicus was one of the great astronomers of the 16th century. He was born on 19 February in the Polish town of Torun. (His real name was Mikolaj Kopernik although he . Copernicus was born into a well-to-do family in Copernicus's father, a copper merchant, died when Copernicus was ten, and Copernicus was taken in by an uncle.
In , Copernicus entered the. Copernicus was born into a well-to-do family in Copernicus's father, a copper merchant, died when Copernicus was ten, and Copernicus was taken in by an uncle.
In , Copernicus . Nicolaus Copernicus. Nicolaus Copernicus Nicolaus Copernicus, who lived from until , is known for his idea that the sun is motionless at the center of the universe and that the earth and other planets all revolve around it.5/5(1).
The Life of Nicolas Copernicus and His Heliocentric Theory Nicolas Copernicus died never knowing what a revolution he made in the scientific world. Mathematicians and scientist like Ptolemy, Newton, and Brahe supported his heliocentric theory.