Now, the origin of this new term was to propose a new point of view towards the organizational design in the public sector, however after a decade, the meaning of this term in discussions and debates became many. Some scholars choose to define it as the introduction of new institutional economics to public management and some used it to refer to pattern changes in policy making. Before we make an effort to further understand the various aspects of New Public Management, let us see how it is different from the traditional public administration. The new public management which emerged in the s represented an attempt to make the public sector more businesslike and to improve the efficiency of the Government borrowed ideas and management models from the private sector.
Organizational Analysis Models[ edit ] Strategic Triangle Model[ edit ] This model relies on three key calculations to determine the efficiency and effectiveness of an organization.
First, is the value, or mission, that guides the organization. Second, is operational capacity, the knowledge and capability to carry out the mission. Third, is legitimacy and support, or the environment, that authorize the value of the organization, and offer support, specifically financial support.
Using this model, a strategy for an organization is considered good if these three components are in alignment.
A SWOT analysis can be carried out for a product, place, industry or person. It involves specifying the objective of the business venture or project and identifying the internal and external factors that are favorable and unfavorable to achieve that objective.
The degree to which the internal environment of the entity matches with the external environment is expressed by the concept of strategic fit. If the objective is not attainable a different objective must be selected and the process repeated.
Users of SWOT analysis need to ask and answer questions that generate meaningful information for each category strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats to make the analysis useful and find their competitive advantage.
The McKinsey 7S Framework emphasizes balancing seven key aspects of an organization, operating unit, or project. The remaining four elements—shared value, staff, skill, and style—are fluid, difficult to describe, and dependent upon the actors within the organisation at any given time.
The 7S organisational analysis framework is based on the premise that all seven elements are interdependent, and must be mutually reinforcing in order to be successful.
Changes in a single element can result in misalignment and dysfunction throughout the organisation, disrupting organisational harmony. Taylor 's Structural Perspective. Taylor was the father of time-and-motion studies and founded an approach he called " scientific management.
These Scientific Management principles served a valuable purpose for the Ford Motor Companywhere the first American, mass-produced automobiles were being created. Natural System Model[ edit ] The natural system model is in many ways the opposite of the rational model in that it focuses on the activities that may negatively impact the organization and therefore aims at maintaining an equilibrium in order to meet its goals.
The parts of the organization are not seen as independent units but rather as a whole that can orchestrate together to prepare for inevitable change. Sociotechnical Model[ edit ] The sociotechnical model, also known as Sociotechnical Systems STSis an approach to complex organizational work design that recognizes the interaction between people and technology in workplaces.
The term also refers to the interaction between society's complex infrastructures and human behavior. This model identifies the environment as a key factor that interacts with the organization. Cognitive Model[ edit ] Behavior, cognitive, and other personal factors as well as environmental events, operate as interacting determinants that influence each other bidirectionally.
Decision making processes are focused on and specialization is deemed as important to the flow of information. Based on a theorized blindness of a single perspective, Lee Bolman and Terrence Deal have designed a model that splits analysis into four distinct paradigms.
These 'frames' are to be used as a pluralistic model, and therefore allow analysts to change thinking by re-framing understanding and points of reference. Structural Frame Here organisations are to be understood by role definitions and clear hierarchy. Problems come from overlapping responsibilities and unclear instructions.
The assumptions are similar to the rational model shown above and Taylorism. Human Resource Frame According to this frame organisations exist to serve society, they are places for growth and development. Problems come from when people are not motivated or trained sufficiently. This is Similar to the Sociotechnical model, or the work of Daniel Pink.Strategic Management in the Public Sector: Concepts, Models, and Processes Created Date: Z.
Management Concepts is the nation's premier provider of training and professional development solutions serving the public and private sectors. Furthermore, it is a two-way relationship between the public and the private sector and this can be achieved if there are appropriate mechanisms for sharing of strategic, operational, tactical and targeted information by law enforcement with the private sector as well.
Public and private sector strategic managers operate in different contexts that generate distinctive constraints on their behaviors and choices.
Key constraints on . Montrose’s evaluation of UNICEF’s Township Education Improvement Plan (TEIP) activities in Myanmar has received international recognition for its high quality, being ranked amongst the top 5 evaluations for by the UNICEF Global Evaluation Reports Oversight System (GEROS).
regarding the concepts of strategy, strategic planning and management in the public sector. It will draw however on both public sector literature as well as the private sector, including journals like.