Understanding the moral concerns about abortion

August 15, Abortion Viewed in Moral Terms: By contrast, the public is much less likely to see other issues involving human embryos — such as stem cell research or in vitro fertilization — as a matter of morality. Asked whether abortion is morally acceptable, morally wrong or not a moral issue, only about a quarter of U.

That is to say, we want to know about the morality of uncoerced, human abortion—so for our purposes abortions are voluntary, deliberate removal of a human fetus.

Warren considers the following anti-abortion argument: This includes not only functioning children and adults, but also includes fetuses even very early fetuses and living human bodies without functioning brains e. The moral community is the set of beings with full moral rights, and consists of all and only persons.

Either the argument assumes that it is wrong to kill something merely because it is homo sapien, or the argument assumes that a fetus is a member of the moral community. Both of these claims are contentious and would require further argument.

Understanding Abortion | bioethicsandabortion

Warren next considers whether genetic humanity is sufficient for moral humanity. Reasoning the developed capacity to solve new and relatively complex problems ; 3. Self-motivated activity activity which is relatively independent of genetic or direct external control.

The capacity to communicate, messages of with an indefinite number of possible contents on indefinitely many possible topics.

The presence of self-concepts and self-awareness. A space explorer is captured by aliens who are going to make a thousand clones of him unless he escapes. Does he have an obligation to stay? No, says Warren, even if the cloning is done quickly and does not harm him.

Not even if the clones have already started to grow and will die if he escapes. Objections to Warren If killing fetuses is permissible because they are not full-fledged members of the moral community, then, by the same standard, killing newborns would be permissible as well.

Understanding the moral concerns about abortion

Moreover, killing any non-human animal would also be permissible. But this is not the case. It is certainly wrong to kill such beings just for the sake of convenience, or financial profit, or sport.

Take the example of a premature birth. But it is no closer to being a person than a six-month fetus that happened to stay in the womb. So, to be consistent, Warren must either say that killing the premature infant is permissible, or that aborting the six-month fetus is not.

Instead, he proposes that having interests is what matters, and sentience the capacity to feel pain is both necessary and sufficient for having interests.

At what stage of development is a fetus capable of experiencing pain? Somewhere between 5 and 6 months, it is now believed. If I have a prima facie reason to believe something, then I should presume it is true unless I have other evidence to the contrary that overrides the prima facie reason.

If a type of action is prima facie wrong, what this means is that the type of action is wrong in most cases, with exceptions in special circumstances that would justify the action. On the other hand, the anti-abortionist wants to find a moral principle so broad that even fetuses at an early stage will fall under it.

These principles are often too broad. The pro-choicer will deny that fetuses are human beings in the moral sense.

Understanding the moral concerns about abortion

There seems to be no non-question-begging way in which either side can establish a definition of moral personhood that suits their interests.

An analysis of the wrongness of killing. Points in favor of the analysis according to Marquis: It makes sense that killing is fundamentally wrong for the same reason that death is bad.

Whether it is wrong depends on the expected value of the future of the patient. What makes killing wrong is that it prevents us from fulfilling our desires.

Can support abortion only if having desires is a necessary condition for having the right not to be killed. Worse, it puts the cart before the horse:The ethical and practical aspects of abortion The ethical standing of induced abortion in human mothers has become an important question.

Much of what is on this page was previously in a section on my page on general ethics, but the subject is of sufficient importance to have a page of its own. Democrats look to draw support of independents with key issues. 2 weeks 1 day ago.

Late visits by the president hurt Senate GOP candidates at the polls. Philosophy and the moral issue of abortion. Sep 07,  · The abortion debate asks whether it can be morally right to terminate a pregnancy before normal childbirth.

Some people think that abortion is always wrong. Some think that abortion is . Mary Warren, “On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion”, Warren defends an extremely permissive view on abortion, according to which abortion is morally permissible at any stage of the pregnancy and under any circumstances.

Warren considers the following anti-abortion argument: 1) It is wrong to kill innocent human beings. Understanding America’s Moral Divides. by definition, moral issues,” Skitka says.

The debate about abortion, for example, is very divisive and may be moralized for many people, but not. The abortion debate is the ongoing controversy surrounding the moral, legal, and religious status of induced abortion.

The sides involved in the debate are the self-described “pro-choice” and “pro-life” movements. “Pro-choice” emphasizes the right of women to decide whether to terminate a pregnancy.

Emotional Side Effects After an Abortion