In other parts of the world being clean is THE most important thing. Read this page about cuneiform. Stop at the fill in the blanks page.
But some concordancers are also able to produce a full concordance comprising all the words and other linguistic elements of the corpus. In reality there are numerous parameters to look for, such as speed, the size of the corpus the software can handle, the languages supported, the amount and quality of the documentation; especially the last point might be important if you are new to concordancing.
Trial or demo versions of most of these concordancers are available on the Web. All the necessary information can be found at their websites. Pricing also varies a lot - and so does the amount and quality of the documentation.
It was a concordancer written for DOS, dating back to a version originally written for the tiny Sinclair Z80 computer in the s Johns a ; Johns b. It was finally published by Oxford University Press intogether with a substantial corpus of texts from the Independent newspaper and a manual.
MicroConcord was impressive for its time, but programs running under DOS are now technically obsolete. The following Figure 1 is a screenshot from MicroConcord.
A screenshot from MicroConcord Concordance by R. The fast concordance is really fast. The full concordance is slower. Making a full concordance of a very large corpus requires a lot of computer power and patience. The user interface is quite intuitive once you have worked a little bit with it.
The split screen, with a wordlist on the left and the concordance on the right, is a nice feature. Printing a concordance is possible. This concordancer supports most European languages. Unlike the other concordancers, Concordance is able to convert a full concordance into HTML format so that the concordance can be used interactively through a Web browser.
This makes it well suited for literary studies: It can only produce single word concordances, but it is very fast indeed, and since it is not so crammed with features the screen layout is very simple to work with. Like the others, this piece of software allows printing of the concordances.
Written by Alan Reed, this program is available free of charge. This program lets you create word lists and search natural language text files for words, phrases, and patterns. SCP is a concordance and word listing program that is able to read texts written in many languages. SCP contains an alphabet editor which you can use to create alphabets for any other language.
Version 5 is the latest version. PhraseContext is a different kind of analysis tool. Most concordancers mainly present results which can be perused on the screen. PhraseContext can export nearly all its results in plain text format, which is directly editable in the small editors that it features.
In this way people - and there seems to be more and more of them - who use a specialised corpus as a language reference in their research, can build a collection of linguistic problems they have already solved.
So far such scripts are sadly lacking, but the current version of PhraseContext comes with some basic XSL-formatting files.
Besides ordinary concordancing tasks such as word frequency lists, application of stoplists etc, PhraseContext also calculates statistical significance T-score, Z-score, MI and standard deviation of collocations and it retrieves clusters of words up to a length of 6 words.
The documentation explains the main features of the software and outlines the necessary linguistic choices the author had to make. References to relevant literature are also included.
A screenshot from PhraseContext 2. It is necessary to have some notion of what a corpus is, in order to work with a concordancer. In this module we will only cover the most basic elements.
A corpus is either just one text or a collection of texts. It goes without saying that if the intention is to study the style of, say, Shakespeare the corpus must be limited to his works, but if the intention is to study the grammar and semantics of a whole language, the corpus must contain many texts representing many genres.
If we want to study 18th-century English we must make sure that the corpus contains a representative amount of texts from the 18th century only.scientific method worksheet Practice Writing Hypotheses - Hypothesis in the scientific method.
Find this Pin and more on Science by Amy Allen. A hypothesis is an educated guess about the cause of a specific phenomenon.
Please review the FAQs and contact us if you find a problem with a link. Materials: Basic Supplies Program Year 1, Level L Day 1 Bible We’re going to start the year off with reading one of the gospels. We’ll do this every year. This year we’ll read Matthew and then we’ll go back to. This is a worksheet to use as an intro to writing a hypothesis (as opposed to just a prediction) using the If, then, because format.
It give definitions of manipulated and responding variables, lists examples of three different hypotheses, and then gives five situations/5(26). Directions: For each of the following statements, create a good hypothesis.
Remember to write COMPLETE SENTENCES in IF,THEN form. 1. Chocolate may cause pimples. Some of the worksheets displayed are Variables hypothesis work, Work on hypothesis tests, Chapter 7 hypothesis testing with one sample, Hypothesis work 2 name underline the iv what is the, Title summaryreview of hypothesis testingconfidence, Hypothesis practice, Hypothesis generation work, Research question and hypothesis work.
Hypothesis Worksheet Directions: Take the following inferences and turn them into formal hypotheses. • Your hypothesis should: o make sense to anyone who can read it.